hirata mayumi

about katazome

about katazome
Katazome dyeing literally means “stencil dyeing” and is a style of hand dyeing that has been practiced in Japan since the eighth century. The main steps are as follows:
(1) The design is created.
(2) The finished design is then redrawn, to scale, onto special water-repellant paper, which becomes the katagami, or paper stencil. In the past, the paper for the katagami was made from several layers of mulberry paper laminated with persimmon juice. Nowadays synthetic paper is used.
(3) The stencil is then laid atop the silk, and a resist paste made from rice is applied through the cut paper onto the silk.
(4) The stencil is removed, and when the paste has dried, a sizing liquid made from seaweed and soy is brushed over the length of the silk.
(5) This is allowed to dry overnight, whereupon a colored dye is brushed onto the surface of the silk. This procedure may be repeated numerous times to achieve the desired color. Only the areas on the silk that are free of resist paste absorb the dye.
(6) After the dye has dried, the silk is steamed at 100℃ for 60 minutes, which loosens the resist paste.
(7) The dyed silk is thoroughly washed in cold water to remove the resist paste.
Steps 3-7 are repeated for each additional color until the piece is complete.
Copyright2011 Mayumi Hirata